The 3 Fundamental Metalworks Processes

The 3 Fundamental Metalworks Processes

Metal fabrication is a significant American business that employs over a million people. Metal structures are created by cutting, assembling, and manipulating metal components. Metal fabrication is used, among other things, to create the frames for automobiles, the panels for buildings, the roofs, the panels for airplane fuselages, and more.

Due to the increased expenses, some individuals eschew personalized services while choosing mass-produced items because of their lower prices. The advantages of custom metal fabrication services, however, more than outweigh the price premium.

Metal Fabrication Processes

While different metal fabrication businesses employ various methods, most rely on the three fundamental operations of cutting, forming, and assembly.


The first step in fabricating metal is cutting. But cutting metal requires specific tools, whether steel, aluminum, iron, or any other typical form of metal. Torches are sometimes used by metal fabrication businesses to cut metal; other times, numerical control (CNC) machines with lasers or water jets are used. When everything is done, the business will have clean, functional metal sheets or pieces.

  • Blade Cutting – Consider the wood saw used to build the pallet wall yourself. The same principle applies when cutting metal, although the blade is usually considerably stronger and frequently uses water to keep the metal cold and lengthen the blade’s lifespan.
  • Laser Cutting – The automated structure of the laser cutting process enables precise, intricate, and perfect cuts, effortlessly slicing through metal like butter.
  • Water Jet Cutting – Water jet cutting turns the force of water into a powerful jet that readily cuts through metal.


Metal fabrication companies must bend the raw metal after cutting it. Various methods may bend metal, such as press brakes or pounding it by hand. Press brakes clamp metal into a particular form. This sizable industrial device automatically forms metal sheets and pieces into the desired shape when activated. Simply put, it clamps the metal between a punch die and forces it into the required form.

  • Forging – It could be a hot or cool procedure. Forging uses compression to mold metal. The strength of forged components is often lauded.
  • Metal Bending – A procedure that can be hot but is frequently cold. It is commonly used to eliminate sharp edges and to generate desirable geometric shapes.


Assembling is the third and last stage of metal fabrication. Although additional stages could be added, welding is commonly used for assembly. Companies that fabricate metal may glue, screw, or use another type of fastener on seams. After putting the metal together, the company will finish the item before selling it to its clients and delivering it.

  • Arc Welding – Utilizing an electrical arc, extreme heat is produced that is hot enough to melt both metals, allowing them to melt together and form a solid connecting point when it cools.
  • Gas/Oxy Welding – This welding type uses gas and oxygen to weld or melts both materials together. Typically a torch is used to direct the heat at the joining point.

Why choose customized metal craft?

  • Adaptability – It’s not unusual for some organizations to employ mass-produced metal items. Electronic cases, hard drive enclosures, and other things are a few examples. However, the requirement for more specific hardware designs by enterprises may arise in several circumstances, like artisan home decorative panels.
  • Durability – Prefabricated metal components are less expensive than custom-made ones but frequently have a shorter lifespan. Custom artisanal metal works frequently provide materials and techniques that raise the product’s quality and, consequently, its durability. Additionally, bespoke work produces parts that are better designed than prefabricated parts since they are made to meet your product’s intended use.

Key Takeaway

The nation’s rapidly expanding industrial sector is fueled mainly by metal fabrication. Metal fabrication businesses must rely on a three-step process that involves cutting, bending, and assembly despite having access to many tools and methods. Metal fabrication businesses may create new products using these three procedures to repurpose raw metal resources. Employing customized fabrication services over standardized metal components outweighs the significant financial outlay needed for this service.